Last Updated on 1 year by Publishing Team
Thursday 09th June
Since the last update, we have recorded 61 new cases of which 11 new cases were recorded on 07/06/2022; 12 new cases were recorded on 08/06/2022 and 38 new cases in the last 24 hours ending at 8 am this morning.
Of the 61 cases recorded, 38 cases were recorded in the Central Division; 18 cases were recorded in the Western Division; 5 cases were recorded in the Northern Division and nil cases were recorded in the Eastern Division.
The national 7-day rolling average of cases as of 5th June is 16 daily cases.
In the 7 days until 08/06/2022, 39 new cases were recorded in the Central division, 40 new cases in the Western division, 8 new cases in the Northern Division and nil new cases in the Eastern Division.
The Central Division cases constitute 67% of the cumulative total cases nationally, with the Western division making up 28%, 3% in the Northern Division, and 2% in the Eastern Division.
The curve depicts weekly COVID-19 deaths by division since May 2021. It indicates a surge from last December, with peaks in mid-January 2022 followed by a downward trend, with the most recent death occurring on May 27th May 2022.
COVID Death Reports
We have no new COVID-19 death to report
Analysis of Deaths in the Third Wave
Table 1: Death rates by Division
An analysis of the 163 deaths recorded in the third wave shows that, while the Western Division has the highest absolute number of deaths, the Northern Division has the highest rate of death when adjusted for population.
Table 2: Deaths by Age Group
For the 163 deaths in the third wave, the death rate adjusted per 100,000 population, has been highest in age groups 50 and onwards. There were 8 deaths below the age of 19 years, 7 out of the 8 children had significant pre-existing medical conditions, and one child had no known underlying medical condition.
Table 3: Deaths by Vaccination Status
Out of 163 COVID -19 deaths reported in the third wave, six (6) deaths were in the population not eligible for vaccination (under age 12). An analysis of the 163 deaths in the vaccine-eligible population reflected, that when adjusted per 100,000 population, for fully vaccinated (received 2 doses) and unvaccinated/not fully vaccinated (received 0 doses or only 1 dose) adults in Fiji, we have a death rate of 10.3 per 100,000 population for fully vaccinated adults and 275.2 per 100,000 population for unvaccinated adults. This means that unvaccinated adults in Fiji have been dying at a rate 29.0 times higher than fully vaccinated adults during the current COVID-19 wave. Individuals in the 12-17 age group who died were not vaccinated. There have been no COVID-19 deaths in individuals who received a booster (3rd dose) of the vaccine.
There have been a total of 864 deaths due to COVID-19 in Fiji. As of June 5th, 2022, the national 7 days rolling average for COVID-19 deaths per day is now 0.0, with a case fatality rate of 1.29%. Due to the time required by clinical teams to investigate, classify and report deaths, a 4-day interval is given to calculate the 7 days rolling average of deaths, based on the date of death, to help ensure the data collected is complete before the average is reported.
We have also recorded 943 COVID-19 positive patients who died from other serious medical conditions unrelated to COVID-19; their doctors determined that COVID-19 did not contribute to their deaths, therefore these are not classified as COVID-19 deaths.
There is a sustained downward trend in daily hospitalisations. Using the WHO clinical severity classification, there are 50% (n=2) cases in the asymptomatic and mild categories; 50% (n=2) cases in the moderate categories, and nil cases in the severe and critical categories. Anyone admitted to the hospital is tested before admission, therefore, a significant number of people are admitted to the hospital for non-covid health conditions, but incidentally, test positive due to the high amount of transmission in the community.
754 tests have been reported for June 8th, 2022. Total cumulative tests since 2020 are 543,657 tests. The 7-day daily test average is 887 tests per day or 1.0 tests per 1,000 population.
The national 7-day average daily test positivity is 1.8% which is within the WHO recommendation of 5%.
Increasing Vaccine Booster Coverage Program
Currently, Fiji has COVID-19 primary series coverage of 95% and booster dose coverage of 30% for 18 years and over. It is well documented that immunity from COVID-19 vaccination wanes over time. The effectiveness of protection against COVID-19 after a primary series of AstraZeneca vaccination is lower than with other COVID-19 vaccine products, especially against the Omicron variant of concern. The current noticeable increase in cases indicates an urgency to increase our efforts to increase booster dose coverage. The return of most of the medical immunisation staff has also helped to ensure support for escalating our vaccine booster coverage program.
Based on this and international evidence the Ministry recommends the booster dose interval for eligible persons over 18 years be reduced to 3 months after the 2nd dose in recognition;
- of the risk of disease surge based on waning 2 doses of COVID-19 vaccine protection
- slow booster uptake
- increased international travel with the relaxation of border measures
- ongoing outbreaks in various parts of the world
Hence, we urge the public to get booster vaccine doses with a list of vaccination sites provided daily by the MHMS. Currently, both Pfizer and Moderna are recommended for booster doses.
In order to optimise coverage, the aim of the booster campaign is to administer 250,000 doses of Pfizer vaccine to those who have completed the primary series (doses 1 and 2) > 3 months prior but have not yet received a booster dose. This requires a minimum of 32,000 doses to be administered weekly for 8 weeks from 1 June to 31 July 2022. Based on the COVID-19 18 years + target population of 618,172 each division and subdivision will need to administer the number of doses outlined in Table 1 based on the 8-week target of 250,000 doses and weekly target of 32,000 doses.
COVID-19 booster priority populations are;
- Persons over the age of 18 years who have completed their primary series > 3months prior can receive their 1st booster dose
- Immunocompromised persons and those over the age of 60 years who had received the 3rd booster dose, may receive the 4th dose after a period of 4 months
- Health care workers, port staff, tourism and others who wish to receive a 2nd booster dose may receive it after an interval of 4 months from their first booster dose.
- Anyone over the age of 18 years who has taken their 1st booster dose can receive a 2nd booster dose after an interval of 4 months.
- Micro planning workshops commenced in the Central Division on 30th May 2022. Western and Northern Division will start on 6th June 2022. Follow-up supervisory visits will occur weekly until the end of June.
Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) will run parallel with the booster dose campaigns.
Planned Activities Include (but are not limited to):
- Discussion on information, education and communication materials including booklets, brochures, frequently asked questions pamphlets
- Promotional materials – pull up banners, stickers, sign boards for sites, network top-ups and Got my Booster water bottles and caps.
- Social media campaigns.
- COVID-19 booster drive/drive-through at markets, bus stands, events and faith-based organisations
- Radio messaging and announcements with daily targeted messages and sharing of vaccine site locations
- Community health worker training sharing information on booster doses
- Television advertisements
All these activities will be supported by MOHMS, South Pacific Community (SPC), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and WHO.
International communicable disease outbreaks
As previously mentioned, the Ministry’s Fiji Centre for Disease Control (Fiji CDC) and Border Health Protection Unit (BHPU) are monitoring international outbreaks of concern, which include Ebola Virus Disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Japanese Encephalitis in Australia, acute hepatitis of unknown origin in multiple countries, and monkeypox in the United Kingdom and other countries. Where appropriate, specific interventions have been put in place or strengthened in response. The situation will continue to be monitored, assessed, and responded to based on the available scientific evidence, best practice, and advice from expert authorities.
As we continue our recovery path during this pandemic, the strategies for resilience require urgent and early preparedness and response planning against any potential threat.
Monkeypox is a rare disease that is caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. It is endemic to certain countries in Central and Western Africa, and the causative virus is of the same family as the smallpox virus. Monkeypox outbreaks have been recently reported in a growing number of countries that are not endemic to the disease, including the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands Canada, the United States of America, and Australia.
Monkeypox is usually a self-limiting illness, which means that most people recover with just supportive treatment within several weeks. However, severe illness can occur in some individuals. It does not spread easily between people but person to person transmission may occur through:
- contact with clothing or linens (such as bedding or towels) used by an infected person
- direct contact with monkeypox skin lesions or scabs
- exposure to respiratory droplets eg coughing or sneezing
The Ministry working with communications and community engagement teams has produced public advisories to help arm ourselves with the knowledge to protect ourselves and to help reduce the chances of spread in our community. Infection prevention protocols have been put together at the border and in community facilities. Protocols have been initiated to maintain oversight over travellers from selected countries to ensure early diagnosis, treatment, and contact tracing. The public advisories have covered symptoms to facilitate self-early diagnosis and information on transmission.
All doctors and Nurses in the community need to ensure they are well informed of how cases present and be vigilant in helping to ensure cases are diagnosed early.
The major priority for the Ministry of Health and Medical Services is to have a response plan that will include surveillance with rapid response and containment protocols and at the same time have a minimal social and economic impact. A key focus will be on ensuring that those suspected or confirmed to have monkeypox must be able to be managed in a dignified manner with no threat of stigmatisation. Each citizen’s duty to contribute to protecting Fiji must be the priority.
We are in discussions with our reference laboratory in Melbourne to ensure access to definitive tests. Our ongoing efforts to have genomic sequencing capability in the Fiji CDC will provide us with greater capacity to deal with infection threats now and in the future.
We are also in discussions with WHO to ensure we preposition access to vaccines and medications used to treat monkeypox.
However, it is important to ensure that in escalating community-wide infection prevention and control measures, we are responding to current threats and creating community-wide resilience to upcoming threats. Our ongoing engagement in a healthy lifestyle to mitigate NCDs is also part of the overall focus on building back better and stronger.
The Ministry of Health and Medical Services will CONTINUE TO disseminate more specific advisories over the next few days to weeks. Further updated knowledge about the monkeypox virus will be shared as they are known.
Ongoing Medical Recovery Efforts
With reducing COVID-19 cases and people presenting to health centres with acute respiratory illness, the MOHMS team is better positioned to focus more on health facilities and health care provision capabilities to mitigate against severe disease and death. This will include the ongoing community engagement and outreach program to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment in the community, and the maintenance of health facility readiness to provide treatment.
We have received a large number of drugs and consumables that have finally arrived and a nationwide deployment effort is currently underway to facilitate the delivery of these items to all our medical facilities. Also, a supply chain management digital platform has been launched and we expect to see improvements in the supply of consumables and medicines as a result of these initiatives.
Our command and operation centres have been repurposed to maintain a line list of vulnerable cases in the community and work on processes that will allow for more preemptive response and promote broader community resilience. These command centres and operation centres will also provide oversight on community surveillance indicators to ensure early and measured responses to future outbreaks.
We are also focused on carrying out general health service work more efficiently in all facilities, and a key part of our plan is to set up divisional mobile units to supplement facility-based general servicing capability and also work with private providers through a process for pre-qualifying contractors and/or suppliers for each subdivision.
The engagement of General Practitioners, Private Dental Practitioners, Private Medical Laboratories, and Private Ambulance providers to support our services in a public-private partnership arrangement is a strategy to help in our ongoing recovery efforts.
We also have reformulated a framework to better engage customer service initiatives in all health facilities and allow for senior managers to institute substantive actions and provide direct oversight over implementation plans. It will also allow the Ministry’s senior executives to track progress in implementation and ensure that annual operation plans reflect an evolving and progressive change narrative in the successive plans. These initiatives will also include the processing of internal communications to facilitate timely decision making and action within the Ministry.
As of 09th June, a total of 136,685 individuals have so far received booster doses. This represents 43.7% of those eligible for a booster dose.
The booster dose interval for eligible persons has been reduced to 3 months from the 2nd dose. This is in recognition of the risk of disease surge based on waning 2 doses covid vaccine protection, slow booster uptake, increased international travel with the relaxation of border measures, and ongoing outbreaks in various parts of the world. Currently, the Pfizer vaccine is available for adult booster doses.
We have commenced administering the second COVID-19 booster dose to the eligible population who are aged 18 years and above after an interval of 4 months from receiving their first booster dose.
The public is urged to get booster vaccine doses, and the list of vaccination sites is provided daily on the MOH Websites and over the Radio. We have accepted an offer of 50,000 doses of Pfizer paediatric doses for children aged 5 to 11 by the Aotearoa New Zealand Government.
Our school vaccination program has also been progressing such that with the 95% adult coverage rate, 90.6% of all persons over 12 years have had 2 doses of the COVID-19 vaccine.
We will continue to monitor the evidence on post-infection immunity based on quality data generated globally. However, until we have a better sense of the role of post-infection immunity, the Ministry will continue to define our level of protection based on vaccination numbers.
Given the current stocks of Pfizer vaccines, we are now covering the Primary doses (1st and 2nd dose) for those yet to be vaccinated. Pfizer vaccines are currently being administered to all individuals aged 12 years and above including those who have been vaccinated with either Moderna or AstraZeneca as their 1st dose.
Cold and flu
The Ministry of Health and Medical Services has noted an increase in people becoming ill with cold and flu-like illnesses as we are coming into our dry and cold season. This increase is especially seen in infants and children under the age of 5. The paediatrics department at CWM Hospital is also seeing an increase in children under the age of 5, especially infants, being admitted with acute respiratory illnesses while testing negative for COVID-19 and influenza. It has been expected that as restrictions intended to prevent transmission of COVID-19 were lifted (including mandatory masking, physical distancing, and school and border closures) other respiratory viruses that normally circulate would begin to re-emerge similar to pre-COVID levels, and possibly even at higher levels due to a decrease in population immunity to seasonal viruses, as cold/flu cases were low during the last two years.