Communicable Diseases (CD)

Last Updated on 4 weeks by Riaz Hassan

Communicable Diseases (CD)

The core functions of Communicable Disease program are:

  • To set up an effective surveillance system for the controlling of communicable diseases in Fiji and where directed in the region.
  • Provide quality public health
  • To promote and protect the health of the people of Fiji in regards to defined communicable diseases.
  • aboratory services for diagnosis, confirmation and surveillance for Fiji.
  • Develop, support and sustain communication networks between other government departments and stakeholders on advice and training on communicable diseases.
  • Support communicable disease quality assurance programs for Fiji and the region.
  • Provide advisory services to national authorities on CD.
  • Conduct relevant research.
  • Collaborate in relevant CD programs and projects that are mutually beneficial and consistent with our terms of references.
  • Provide specialist advice on the clinical management of LF patients.
  • Provide quality public health services for the designated infectious diseases under PPHSN.

Laboratory

The National Public Health Laboratory in its efforts to support CD prevention in addition to routine services it delivered identified the following activities as priority during 2013.

Recent progress includes:

Activities Status
Rapid HIV confirmatory testing New HIV Testing Algorithm Developed and endorsed by SPC
National Quality Standards for Health Laboratory Two assessments carried out by WHO and CDC to establish whether the lab met requirements of NQSHL, staff working on gaps identified by the assessors.
Dengue and Leptospirosis testing Dengue and Leptospirosis PCR testing conducted in collaboration with Institute of Pasture
Mass Drug Administration Coverage Completion of 2012 MDA programme and calculation of coverage for MDA.
Spot checks to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis Spot checks in Taveuni Subdivision, Northern Division Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS), Central and Eastern Division C Survey

Environmental Health (EH)

The Environmental department is responsible for the promotion and protection of public health from environmental health risk factors such as pollution, unsanitary conditions, poor water supply qualities, illegal developments, improper waste management practises, breeding of disease vectors, poor food quality and so on.

The following legislation governs the EH department’s responsibilities:

Public Health Act (Cap 111)
Fiji National Building Code
Food Safety Act 2003
Food Safety Regulation 2009
Food Establishment Regulation 2012
Quarantine Act (Cap 112)
Town Planning Act (Cap 139)
Town Planning General Provisions

Sub-Division of Land Act (Cap 140)
Burial & Cremation Act (Cap 117)
Tobacco Control Decree 2010
Tobacco Control Regulation 2012
Litter Decree 2010
Water Authority of Fiji Promulgation 2007

Recent achievements include;

  • The review of National Building Code.
  • The highest number of export of fish and fishery products to EU with a total of 588,211.05kg and 36 certificates issued.
  • A positive response was received from community leaders to have certain facilities declared tobacco –free thus the following community halls were declared tobacco free; Vunavutu village, Nasama village, Volivoli village, Ligalevu village, Mali Island in Macuata, Welagi Village and Qaranivai village in Udu.
  • Consultation towards smoke-free environments for Nightclubs and Eating houses.
  • WASH cluster Strategic Plan and WAS Minimum Standards in Emergencies has been formulated and awaiting finalisation by Strategic Advisory Group and endorsement by Cluster.
  • Consultation conducted for Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Rotary Pacific Water, Live and Learn and Ministry of Health.
  • Various clean up campaigns were organised for all three divisions.